BBC Mundo news

How the exemplary Denmark became one of the countries in Europe with the most sexual violence – Accent

How the exemplary Denmark became one of the countries in Europe with the most sexual violence - Accent

 Women's Day in Copenhagen Reuters Demonstrators at a march held final Ladies's Day within the Danish capital defended messages corresponding to “Let's speak concerning the sure” or “It doesn’t imply no”.

In 2017, Denmark It was named because the second greatest nation within the European Union (EU) when it comes to gender equality, second solely to neighboring Sweden.

It was one of many 9 nations to realize the EU's youngster care objectives, had a of the positions of higher gender equality when it comes to home work and was one of many few European nations near attaining a parliament with 50% / 50% illustration of women and men, in accordance with the Gender Equality Index.

In a report revealed final week, Amnesty Worldwide warned that Denmark additionally has a widespread “rape tradition” and systemic issues in the best way it offers with such a case.

A number of research say that Denmark has the very best prevalence of sexual violence in Europe.

The Ministry of Justice of Denmark estimates that about 5,100 ladies a yr are victims of rape or tried rape, whereas the College of Southern Denmark raised this determine to the yr 2017 to 24,000, a excessive quantity for a rustic with a comparatively small inhabitants (5.eight million).

That very same yr, solely 890 violations have been reported to the police, of which 535 have been processed and 94 led to convictions.

 Man in handcuffs Getty Pictures In 2017, 94 of the 890 reported violations in Denmark led to conviction.

In statements to Amnesty Worldwide, a number of victims stated they typically discovered that “the reporting course of and its penalties have been enormously traumatic “, both as a result of they weren’t believed, as a result of they have been questioned by the officers or, in one of many instances, as a result of necessary ones that have been later wanted within the trial weren’t correctly collected.

The Danish Nationwide Police informed the BBC that they’re working to enhance the best way they deal with individuals who report violations and who’re engaged on the brand new tips that have been developed in 2016.

So how does a rustic with a powerful report of gender equality find yourself being named one of many worst on the continent when it comes to violence towards ladies?

“An impediment to equality” [19659011] Some consider that the picture of the Scandinavian nation as a utopically progressive place has added to the issue.

“We’ve this basic concept that we’ve got already achieved gender equality in Denmark, that the battle is over and that there isn’t a nothing to struggle for, “says Helena Gleesborg Hansen, vice chairman of the Danish Ladies's Society.

“And that’s the largest impediment we see once we speak about gender equality.”

 Women's demonstration in Copenhagen in 2017 Getty Photographs Protesters requested that rape legal guidelines give attention to consent on this March of Ladies held in Copenhagen in 2017.

Denmark was one of many first nations to hitch the Council of Europe Conference on the prevention and struggle towards violence towards ladies and home violence (the Istanbul Conference), a world treaty that seeks to fight violence towards ladies all over the world.

However despite the fact that Denmark quickly joined the initiative, Grevio, the group established to watch if nations are appropriately implementing the settlement, warned in 2017 that There was nonetheless work to be accomplished.

A elementary difficulty, the group stated, is the definition of “rape” in line with the Danish regulation.

Does the regulation blame? to the victims?

Crucially, the regulation defines rape as drive or menace of violence, leaving apart whether or not or not there was consent.

Because of this, the Danish Nationwide Police Tips say that brokers ought to ask whistleblowers about “writer resistance”, that’s, whether or not or not they bodily tried to struggle towards them.

However the consent, stated Grevio in his report, “is the central aspect during which the Istanbul Conference frames sexual violence. “

Hansen, of the Danish Ladies's Society, says that the present regulation attributes to the sufferer the duty of not being raped, as an alternative of the perpetrator not committing the act. And this, in flip, results in a generalized angle of blaming the sufferer.

 Woman in front of menacing man. Getty ImagesActivists denounce that the Danish regulation attributes to the sufferer the duty of not being raped (generic photograph

“We have now all these myths about rape,” even that rapists are sometimes “monsters” leaping from the bushes to assault ladies whereas strolling alone, “he says.

Nevertheless,” A lot of the violations that happen are literally dedicated by the husband, the boyfriend, the sufferer's greatest good friend, somebody they met at a celebration, “he provides.

“In these instances, there’s a change of guilt in the direction of the sufferer, as a result of they know one another. It's what I discover unusual, as a result of rape and sexual assault are by no means the sufferer's fault, by no means. “

Specializing in whether or not or not there was a bodily battle, he says, exhibits a lack of expertise of what may occur to him. an individual when raped.

“Many individuals in these conditions freeze or develop into confused, or they could be asleep, drunk or sedated,” he explains. “Within the regulation, at this second, your physique is accessible till you say 'no' and struggle. However we choose to have it in order that your physique is just not accessible till you say 'sure'. “

What's occurring in the remainder of Europe?

Denmark is just not the one European nation that has acquired criticism for having a definition of rape based mostly on using drive.

In accordance with one other Amnesty Worldwide report revealed in November, of 31 European nations that have been examined, solely eight have definitions of rape based mostly on consent.

Amongst them, Germany didn’t change to a definition based mostly on consent till 2016. Victims additionally used to should show that that they had bodily resisted their rapists, however that yr this idea was revoked.

Getty ImagesIn Spain, the case of “La Manada” provoked large demonstrations and authorized specialists advisable modifying the legal guidelines relating to instances of rape.

And Sweden, neighbor of Denmark and the primary A rustic within the EU Gender Equality Index didn’t current a regulation based mostly on consent till final July.

Spain has but to vary its legal guidelines on rape, however is presently within the means of doing so. Beneath present regulation, a plaintiff should show that there was violence or intimidation to ensure that his case to be handled as a “violation.”

Final yr, this led to a gaggle of males ('The Pack') attacking an 18-year-old woman to be acquitted of getting raped her as a gaggle, which in flip led a panel of authorized specialists to advocate that the regulation be toughened to outline any non-consensual sexual act as “assault” or “rape.” [19659002] In some elements, Denmark is forward of different nations on the continent. Together with Norway, Sweden and Finland, whistleblowers have entry to free authorized illustration.

Insecurity within the system

However activists say that sure minority teams might discover it particularly arduous to get assist.

Nico Miskow Friborg, of the TransAktion group that works for the rights of transgender individuals, tells BBC Information that “generally, there’s a insecurity of trans individuals as a consequence of transphobia in several corners of the system; if they’ve skilled police harassment, for instance, or transphobia and discrimination within the well being system. “

They add that most of the providers established to help individuals who have suffered violence, resembling rape clinics and counseling, are promoted explicitly or implicitly in the direction of cisgender ladies, who may also alienate trans individuals with wants on this regard.

 Protest demonstration in defense of transgender rights. Getty ImagesGroups of human rights declare that some inhabitants teams akin to transgender individuals

Amnesty Worldwide additionally factors out that the Danish police don’t register whether or not a perpetrator of violations is cisgender, transgender or non-binary: provided that he’s a person or a lady . Because of this activists like Nico cannot monitor what number of trans individuals are affected and what number of of them have been particularly focused for being trans.

Bwalya Sørensen, founding father of Black Lives Matter Denmark (The lives of blacks matter), He provides that migrant couples are notably weak to their spouses, as a result of their abusers inform them that the police won’t examine a rape the place rapist and sufferer know one another. Denmark criminalized marital rape in 2013.

“These are individuals with whom you’re married to or have youngsters,” he explains, including that Denmark's strict immigration necessities imply that abusers with migrant companions “know that ladies cannot escape. “

” They know the police won’t pay attention, they’ll take heed to him, “he provides.

What do the Danish authorities say?

The Danish Nationwide Police responded by saying that it’s compromised to deal with the problems raised and that “in fact, they may take into accounts Amnesty Worldwide's criticism”

“Victims of sexual assault are in a particularly weak state of affairs, [por lo que] the Danish police are targeted on assembly with the victims in a respectful and delicate method, “a spokesperson advised BBC Information.

” In 2016, we began an ideal cooperation with different Danish authorities with the objective of continuous to strengthen our work in instances of sexual assault. “

 Woman painting a window on Women's Day in Denmark Reuters The Danish Nationwide Police Tips point out that brokers ought to ask individuals who They report rape in the event that they resisted their attacker.

One of many issues they’ve been engaged on, he stated, is to enhance the best way victims are handled once they file a grievance for the primary time. That is an effort that “continues in progress.”

“Thankfully, the variety of victims dissatisfied with the efficiency of the police [vio] a lower from 30% to 15% in 2018,” he added. “This means that our new tips and initiatives have made a distinction between the victims. However 15% continues to be an excessive amount of, “he acknowledged.

In the meantime, Denmark's Justice Minister Søren Pape Poulsen informed native media that he additionally helps the decision for improved consent-based laws.

Now You’ll be able to obtain notifications from BBC Mundo. Obtain the brand new model of our app and activate them to not miss our greatest content material. ? v = qq2RGz6qyrY